Science and Deities Believers
by Irfan Raza Naqvi "Instructor Management Sciences at Virtual University"
Debate of existence of Laws of science and Laws of divinity, is not new. This thing has been discussed over centuries. We can say from the ancient time when concept of God instinctive in the human mind, there was a counter concept of His negation. There were so many schools of thought, and they argue for their ‘beliefs”. More interestingly the word “belief” is famous in both schools up till now and it will continue because negation also depicts the originality of the counter concept.
Recognition of an entity is based on the true logic of existence. Realism was popular in every era when ever this debate emerges. Especially, when we talk about metaphysical identification of an entity, where believers are unable to depict the actual existence of the reality, it is difficult to prove what you believe. They can’t explain and show the realism of the existence they believe. In this situation it is impossible to show look a like or converse image of the reality because it is not possible to do so as they have no first hand impression of what they believe on. Imagery is limited and it can prove by the senses of an individual. ‘Believers’ argue that there are so many things which can not touched or even seen, but they exist. “Disbelievers” or scientific school supports this argument and provide rationale in the metaphysical presence of realism. This is the only point where both schools agreed and provide sufficient evidences in support. The empiricism was considered as an acceptable phenomenon and followed by so many famous theologist and scholars of classical era, but totally redundant by the modern researchers. Even John Locke who was the leading philosopher of that era rejects the ultimate presence evident by the empiricism. The limitations of sensations are the constraints in the way of accepting empiricism. Also there is a close relationship is observed in the divinity and unseen force, which may refers to the world beyond logic and empirical impediments.
In modern era, scientist like Elbert Einstein and Stephen Hawking said so many time that parameter of proving God is logic, else wise its is impossible to prove anything beyond the absolute principles of Science. They both considered as atheist but this is misinterpretation. They don’t believe in ‘life after death’ and ‘personal god’ but negate the views that they were atheist. Einstein belongs to a secular and enlightened religious family and same is the case with Stephen Hawking. Einstein stated: "I have repeatedly said that in my opinion the idea of a personal God is a childlike one. You may call me an agnostic, but I do not share the crusading spirit of the professional atheist whose fervor is mostly due to a painful act of liberation from the fetters of religious indoctrination received in youth. I prefer an attitude of humility corresponding to the weakness of our intellectual understanding of nature and of our own being." (Einstein: His Life and Universe.). Stephen hawking stated in his interview with “The Telegraph” 3 September 2010 that "the universe is governed by the laws of science. The laws may have been decreed by God, but God does not intervene to break the laws."
It is clear with the above stated debate that science has some limitation which can address by the accepting the Laws of Science as ‘Decree’ of God or depicting God as a Law of Nature, but more or less the ultimate denial of the divinity is impossible.
In short, God may be a source of creating unchangeable laws of nature and science, or may be the true reality of factual evidences.
1. Isaacson, Walter (2008). Einstein: His Life and Universe. New York: Simon and Schuster, pp. 390.
2. Has Stephen Hawking ended the God debate?, Graham Farmello. The Telegraph. 3 September 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2010